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Pros And Cons Of Student Loans: Refinancing and More

pros and cons of student loans

In the United States, student loans are a highly popular sort of debt. While the massive amount of outstanding student loan debt is often depicted as a disaster, the reality is that student loans may be helpful to students because they are offered at favorable terms and allow them to seek a degree and boost their earning potential. If you’re considering taking out student loans, you should be aware that there are various pros and cons of student loans that are applicable to both private and public loans. You should also be informed of the advantages and disadvantages of each type of student loan. 

Student loans may undoubtedly be a gift for many people, as not everyone has the financial means to attend college. A source of credit for those who are incapable may have tremendous advantages, whether for raising individuals out of poverty or helping struggling Americans make ends meet. It’s also an opportunity for students to build their credit history by remaining on top of their payments. However, individuals and their families must understand the risk and responsibilities they are taking on.

The Pros and Cons of Student Loans in General

Advantages of Student Loans 

While considering the pros and cons of student loans, they have a poor reputation. But they’re just like any other financial tool. They can open doors and lead to incredible things if used correctly. Here are some of the benefits of student loans: 

It is essential for many students. 

When we talk about the pros and cons of student loans, we should mention student loans are the only method for millions of students to receive the money they need for a college education. Many families cannot save for a college degree because tuition expenses are surpassing inflation. 

Even for students who apply for scholarships and grants, covering 100% of tuition fees with these sources of income might be difficult. Student loans enable students to obtain an education while also making more money than they would if they did not attend college.

Most people have access to it. 

In the section on the pros and cons of student loans, another significant benefit is their accessibility. To apply for federal student loans, you should first finish the FAFSA – Free Application for Federal Student Aid. There is no charge for completing this form, and there is a department to assist parents and kids with any issues they may have along the process.

Obtaining a private loan might be much more simple. To be eligible for a private student loan, you must complete an application and fulfill certain income and credit score standards. Lenders have different criteria. 

For vocational, undergraduate, graduate, and professional education, private and federal student loans are accessible. 

With a college diploma, you may make more money. 

While it’s vital to consider the pros and cons of student loans upfront, it’s crucial to consider their long-term consequences. 

With a college diploma, you may expect to earn more money over the course of your life. In many circumstances, the advantages outweigh the disadvantages, especially if the amount of money you intend to make with a degree surpasses your entire student loan debt

Can assist you in completing your college education more quickly 

Taking out student loans can help you finish your degree faster than if you pay for it only with the help of a job. To save enough money for college, many kids would have to labor for years. Taking out loans allows them to complete their school more quickly, allowing them to graduate and seek a higher-paying career.

There are several repayment alternatives available. 

One of the benefits of federal student loans is the variety of repayment choices available, including Income-Driven Repayment (IDR) programs. Your monthly payment is calculated as a proportion of your income under these programs. 

Depending on the loan type and occupation, certain borrowers may be eligible for federal or state-based loan forgiveness programs. 

Student Loans’ Disadvantages 

pros and cons of student loans

If you don’t see student loans as a substantial type of debt, they can be risky. In the pros and cons of student loans list, here are a few of the most significant disadvantages of student loans: 

It’s possible that you won’t be able to afford them. 

Some students may graduate with loans they can’t afford to repay since federal student loans don’t take your major or future salary into consideration. Late payments and defaults may result as a result of this. There is also a lack of financial education before the start of the semester to assist students to comprehend how much money they would owe each month. 

Parents who take out Parent PLUS or private student loans may find it difficult to repay their debts, limiting their capacity to retire and save for other objectives. Because there is no limit on how much money parents may borrow, many families find themselves with debt they can’t pay back. This difficulty is exacerbated by the fact that parents have limited alternatives for forgiveness

Consequences have the potential to be damaging 

When weighing the pros and cons of student loans, keep in mind the penalties of not repaying them. Your salary, tax returns, and federal benefits may be garnished if you default on a federal student loan. Borrowers who fail on their student loans frequently face additional fees and penalties in addition to their outstanding sums. This may lengthen the payback period and raise monthly payments. 

It may be difficult to obtain financing for significant items. 

Having hefty monthly student loan payments might make it difficult to buy a home, establish a company, or start a family. Most lenders look at your debt-to-income (DTI) ratio when you apply for a loan. This is your monthly debt payments divided by your monthly gross income. 

The higher your debt-to-income ratio, the higher your DTI will be. You may be turned down for a loan if your DTI exceeds the lender’s requirements. 

Pros and Cons of Federal Student Loans 

The bulk of federal loans do not go through an underwriting procedure. And do not require a credit score. These are a big plus for many young people who want to go to school but don’t have a good credit history. Underwriting is the process by which a lender examines your credit history and other factors to determine if you are eligible for a loan and what interest rate you will be offered. This is done by private loan lenders to assess your risk of defaulting on your loan. 

Subsidized Loans

Subsidized loans are another perk available to undergraduate students. This implies that interest will not be charged on the loan until the borrower begins the payback period. Not having to pay interest while in school is a huge advantage. That might save you a lot of money over the life of your loan. 

Based on information about family income reported through the FAFSA, the federal government gives subsidized student loans to students whose families demonstrate financial need. 

If you go back to school or join the military, you may be able to postpone your federal loans. Deferment refers to the ability to postpone paying debt installments until a later date. Furthermore, you may not be liable for paying the interest on some types of federal loans that accumulate during this time. Forbearance, on the other hand, is a time during which you are not obligated to make student loan payments to your loan servicer, but interest continues to accrue on your total payment amount. 

Some federal loans include repayment options that might result in loan forgiveness after a certain number of years of on-time payments. These programs can take a long time — 20 to 25 years – before you qualify for debt forgiveness, and you may have paid more than you expected in the meantime. 


Another program, Public Service Loan Forgiveness, is a speedier alternative for those who work for the government or select nonprofit organizations. But it has exact qualifications. So you’ll want to double-check that you’re on the correct track. 

Even if you aren’t pursuing debt forgiveness, federal loans include a variety of student loan repayment alternatives that consider the borrower’s income and a baseline cost of living allowance to keep monthly payments to a minimum. 

Borrowing limitations on federal student loans are something to be aware of. With rising college tuition, you may decide to take out additional loans to pay the annual cost of attendance. 

The Benefits and Disadvantages of Private Student Loans


Borrowers with good credit may be able to get better terms.

Private student loans may usually be secured at a relatively cheap interest rate if a person is adequately qualified. Lenders frequently provide a longer repayment time as well as the option of delaying payments while in school. Many private student loan companies do not charge origination fees, unlike the Department of Education‘s Parent and Grad PLUS loans. 

Because of their advantageous terms, private loans may be more affordable for certain well-qualified students than government PLUS Loans.

You’ll have many lenders and loan servicers to choose from.

A slew of private student loan lenders are competing for your business. This enables you to investigate your options and select a lender with whom you are comfortable. You might focus on their interest rate, customer service reputation, loan repayment schedules, and other factors. 

One of the many benefits of taking out a federal loan is the option to pick your lender. You don’t get to pick your loan servicer. And every borrower gets the same rates and terms for the loan they’re getting. 

Private Student Loans Disadvantages

pros and cons of student loans

A good credit score is required. 

If the applicant is new to credit and has terrible or no credit, a cosigner will almost probably be required to obtain a private student loan. A cosigner is a person with strong credit who shares the loan’s liability. Typically, this is a parent, family member, or another responsible adult with a strong credit history and stable employment. 

Assistance for a certain period 

Private student loans, unliken federal student loans, do not provide extensive forbearance periods. Private student loan forbearance advantages vary by lender. But they are typically for a shorter length of time and are only provided to students who are in extreme financial distress.

Fewer Options for Repayment and Forgiveness 

In the list of the pros and cons of student loans generally, one of the advantages is a variety of repayment options. Repayment alternatives for federal student loans include public service loan forgiveness (PSLF) and income-based repayment programs. Private student loans may have more flexible repayment choices, but you may have fewer options. Furthermore, most private student lenders do not offer PSLF-style student loan debt forgiveness. However, some may offer discharge alternatives in the event of the borrower’s total and permanent incapacity or death. 

The Pros and Cons of Refinancing Student Loans 

Just like the pros and cons of student loans, it’s also critical to understand the pros and cons of refinancing. It will help you decide if it’s the correct route for you. Refinancing entails combining your federal and private loans with a private lender into a single new loan.

You may be able to get a cheaper interest rate by refinancing. But you will lose access to federal loan safeguards. Read on to see whether any of the following pros and cons of refinancing student loans apply to your situation. 

A reduced interest rate might result in significant savings. 

Whether you have a cosigner or have established a solid credit history on your own, refinancing will reward you properly. It’s a merit-based system. This means that the better eligible you are for refinancing, the lower your interest rate will be. 

You don’t have to accept the first interest rate you’re offered if you increase your credit score and debt-to-income ratio, or if you locate a cosigner. You may pick your lender and compare offers until you discover the best one for you when you refinance

Consider that refinancing allows you access to variable interest rates, which fluctuate based on market conditions during your repayment. Variable rates aren’t for everyone, but they could be if you want to pay off your refinanced debt sooner. 

You’ll just have to make one monthly payment to the lender of your choosing. 

You were allocated to one of nine federal loan servicers when you took out a federal loan for undergraduate or graduate school. You may have ended up with a collection of federal loans from several servicers. Keeping track of your debt can be challenging when adding private loans to the mix.

Refinancing allows you to make a single monthly payment to the loan servicer of your choosing.

With federal student loans, a federal Direct consolidation loan accomplishes the same goal. You will not, however, receive a cheaper interest rate. You also won’t be able to combine your private debts with the new loan. Refinancing, on the other hand, allows you to consolidate all of your debts into one. 

Apply for a loan with a cosigner to get a cheaper interest rate.

pros and cons of student loans

The standards for refinancing might be difficult to satisfy. However, you might seek the assistance of a cosigner. Although applying for refinancing with a cosigner is not needed, many top lenders allow you to do so. 

Assume you don’t have the necessary credit history or income to refinance on your own. Consider getting a cosigner, such as a family or another creditworthy adult, to help you get a better rate. If you’re worried about being tied to your cosigner at the hip, consider that many top lenders provide clear paths to cosigner release. 

You won’t be eligible for student debt forgiveness anymore. 

You will no longer be eligible for PSLF if you work as a teacher, lawyer, nurse, or other public servant and convert a federal loan to a private loan. This might include a large-scale remission of federal student debts, as some have recommended. Loan forgiveness through the Department of Education is not available for private student debts. 

For private student loans, there are no income-driven repayment options.

If you have federal student loans, you may be eligible for a repayment plan based on your income. This is a payment scheme based on a proportion of your monthly revenue. Income-driven repayment programs are not available for private student loans. This option is no longer accessible if you convert a federal loan to a new private loan.  


While comparing the pros and cons of student loans, I can honestly state that the notion of student loans is neither fundamentally harmful nor the best. People borrow money to pay for goods they require on a regular basis. Consider all the essential things you might not be able to buy without relying on debt. For example, car loans, mortgages, and tuition. Would it be better if you could pay for these items yourself instead of borrowing money and paying interest on top of it? Yes, of course. However, for many Americans, this is just not an option. 

Student loans, when used appropriately, may make a lot of sense and be quite beneficial. High-interest rates, restrictions that make it nearly hard to discharge student debt even in bankruptcy, and stratospheric college costs keep millions of Americans from pursuing their ambition of a college degree each year. That is why, if you do decide to take out student loans, you must first have a thorough grasp of the pros and cons of student loans.